Different types of eye surgery you should know about.

Different types of eye surgery you should know about.

The human eye is not just wonderful, but also very complicated. Therefore, it needs extreme care. Most of the times the eye is capable of guarding itself from infections and other problems. However, there are a host of reasons that turn into eye problems which can only treated through surgery.

Our eyes are mighty precious and signs like blurry vision, constant irritation or water running down should never be neglected. Being informed about the different eye problems and the different types of treatment is always helpful. This article will help you know about the different types of eye surgery available.

Types of Eye Surgery

Cataract Surgery: Almost 50% adults over the age of 60 suffer from cataracts. Cataract surgery is the most effect and also the safest treatment to cure patients with vision loss. However, the procedure is usually avoided for people with other eye diseases. The surgery takes about 30 minutes and is performed under minimal sedation. The doctors replace the eye lens with an artificial lens to restore vision.

Corrective Surgery: It is considered to be the most popular eye surgery with nearly 2,000 people getting it done every day. LASIK and PRK are the most common methods of this surgery. While the Laser-Assisted surgery is usually used to correct hyperopia, myopia, and astigmatism, PRK is preferred to treat thin corneas.

Glaucoma Surgery: Glaucoma is a condition that causes intraocular pressure and eventual loss of vision. The condition is not reversible; however, glaucoma surgery can reduce the intraocular pressure. The surgery can also be performed multiple times.

Lid Repair Surgery: This surgery can be done for both cosmetic as well as functional reasons. It is most commonly conducted to treat ptosis or droopy eyelids. It is suggested to people who have obstructed vision, or have a problem because of droopy eyelids

Orbital Surgery: The treatment is an option for those with conditions such as enucleation, anopthalmia, and evisceration. It is also an option for people suffering from eye problems such as absent eyes, eye tumors, or trauma.

The eyes are vital parts that give a meaning to our existence and therefore, it is important that we take special care for them in order to curb further complications. Though the above mentioned surgeries are widely successful and are available in large, there are some steps you need to follow –

  • Consult an ophthalmologist regularly and find out if you are at higher risk for eye diseases. You may be at a greater risk if you have a family health history or if you are over 60. Get regular eye examination done.
  • Exercise frequently to reduce the risk of age-related problems.
  • Always protect your eyes from UV rays, eat protein rich food, and wear sunglasses to shield from harsh light and dust.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Eat food rich in omega 3 fatty acids.

Is aspirin therapy actually helpful?

It is commonly believed that taking a small dose of aspirin for a long period of time can help prevent heart diseases. It is given to people who are at a risk of heart diseases or have had cardiac surgery. There are many cases in which this treatment turned out to be beneficial. However, it is not a valid treatment for everyone. So before starting off with the treatment, you will have to consult your healthcare practitioner and discuss about it with them.

How does it work?

Aspirin is known for its property to thin blood and thus prevents formation of clots. Aspirin interferes with the blood’s clotting action. Clotting of blood can be very harmful for those at a risk of cardiovascular diseases. Clotting of blood within the vessels can narrow them, causing complications. Aspirin can thin the blood, prevent clotting and thus prevent heart attacks.

Benefits of the therapy

  • Daily use of small amounts of aspirin can reduce damage to the heart. It can be used as first-aid during a sudden heart attack.
  • With aspirin therapy, future heart problems can be prevented
  • Aspirin therapy reduces the risk of stroke.

Who can take aspirin therapy?

People with high risk of cardiovascular disease, or have had a heart stroke, or attack, are recommended to take a small dose of aspirin on daily basis as a preventive measure. The doctor may not advice the treatment if you have some serious allergies or a history of bleeding. Before starting off with the treatment make sure that you detail about it to your doctor. For people with a risk of cardiovascular diseases, then the practitioner will first evaluate the risks and benefits of the treatment. The treatment is prescribed only after that. But keep in mind that you should never start off with the treatment all on your own.

You should not take the therapy if:

  • You are allergic to aspirin or have an intolerance
  • You are at a high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding
  • You are at a risk of hemorrhagic stroke
  • If you consume alcohol regularly
  • If you are already on a medical or dental treatment

Side effects of aspirin therapy

Taking aspirin once in a while is safe, however, daily use of aspirin can come with some serious side effects. Some of them include:

  • Abdominal or stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Blood in urine
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Drowsiness
  • Fainting
  • Increased thirst
  • Indigestion

The doctor will always weigh the possible outcomes and the risks accompanied and the treatment is prescribed only after a thorough evaluation.

When to stop the therapy

Once you start the treatment, you should not stop it abruptly. Stopping the therapy abruptly may have a rebound effect and can also lead to an increased risk of heart attack. People who have had a cardiac surgery to treat more than one arteries, then their stopping the therapy can lead to fatal heart attack.

If you have been on an aspirin therapy and want to stop, then it is important that that you talk to your doctor first. For expert advice, get an appointment from professionals from Gunam Hospital.